Moll Flanders(摩尔·弗兰德斯)

Moll Flanders(摩尔·弗兰德斯)



The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders (commonly known as simply "Moll Flanders") is a novel written by Daniel Defoe in 1722.

Defoe wrote this after his work as a journalist and pamphleteer. By 1722, Defoe had become recognized as a novelist, with the success of Robinson Crusoe in 1719. His political work was tapering off at this point, due to the fall of both Whig and Tory party leaders with whom he had been associated; Robert Walpole was beginning his rise, and Defoe was never fully at home with the Walpole group. Defoe's Whig views are nevertheless evident in the story of Moll, and the novel's full title gives some insight into this and the outline of the plot:

"The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders, Etc. Who Was Born In Newgate, and During a Life of Continu'd Variety For Threescore Years, Besides Her Childhood, Was Twelve Year a Whore, Five Times a Wife [Whereof Once To Her Own Brother], Twelve Year a Thief, Eight Year a Transported Felon In Virginia, At Last Grew Rich, Liv'd Honest, and Died a Penitent. Written from her own Memorandums."

丹尼尔·笛福(Daniel Defoe,1660年-1731年4月24日):英国小说家,新闻记者,小册子作者。其作品主要为个人通过努力,靠自己的智慧和勇敢战胜困难。情节曲折,采用自述方式,可读性强。并表现了当时追求冒险,倡导个人奋斗的社会风气。其代表作《鲁滨逊漂流记》闻名于世,鲁滨逊也成为与困难抗争的典型,因此他被视作英国小说的开创者之一。